Clothes Line
Tip of the Week

Dyeing Fabrics Week 2.

w/e 05/10/19

In the second of our series on dyeing we'll consider some areas that you'll have to take into account before starting. These all into four catagories

  1. Fabric
  2. Colour
  3. Amount of Dye
  4. Heat and Conditions While Dyeing

and because these are large topics we'll deal with the first two this week and the second two next week.

1. Fabrics:
We dealt with some fabrics issues in last weeks "Hot Tip" but there are various considerations you should note.
The type of dye you can buy will normally be either Direct or Reactive and both of these work best on cellulosic fibres (cottons, linens or derivatives). All other fibres will take the dye at differing rates, giving a different result from that illustrated on the dyers colour chart. These are some pointers to problems with various fabrics:
Polyester Mixes Will be a lighter colour that on the chart (anything above 50% polyester shouldn't be dyed)
Acetate Will take a good colour dye but will weaken and possibly fray at any seam.
Wool Is likely to come out lighter than shown on the colour chart.
Silk Will take good colour but may remove surface treatments and break fibres with harsh treatment.
Silk (Stone Washed) Is very likely to break surface fibres leaving a chalky residue.
Nylon (Polyamide) Treat as wool.

Now let's look at the colour you are likely to end up with, which depends on the original fabric of colour.

Fabric Starting Colour
Dye  Colour Red Blue Yellow Green Brown
Red Dark Red Mauve/Brown Orange Dark Orange Dark Brown
Blue Mauve/Brown Dark Blue Green Dark Green Brown / Black
Yellow Orange Green Yellow Light Green Dark Orange
Green Shades of Brown Shades of Brown Light Green Dark Green Very Dark Brown
Brown Dark Brown Brown / Black Dark Orange Very Dark Brown Dark Brown

Next week we'll help you to calculate the right amount of dye and the heat needed and conditions in the dye bath.

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